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What is diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels, that result from defects in insulin secretion, or action, or both. Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes (as it will be in this article) was first identified as a disease associated with “sweet urine,” and excessive muscle loss in the ancient world. Elevated levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) lead to spillage of glucose into the urine, hence the term sweet urine.

Normally, blood glucose levels are tightly controlled by insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. Insulin lowers the blood glucose level. When the blood glucose elevates (for example, after eating food), insulin is released from the pancreas to normalize the glucose level. In patients with diabetes, the absence or insufficient production of insulin causes hyperglycemia. Diabetes is a chronic medical condition, meaning that although it can be controlled, it lasts a lifetime.

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  • Darline Johann says:

    Diabetes is one of the nasty illnesses these days. Diabetes not only makes the quality of your life lower but it also leads to more health problems. Of course you can do a lot of lifestyle changes and diet regime changes to avoid this disease. As you can see diabetes can be prevented by just getting a bit more physical and avoiding too much sugar.

  • Lanny Stephany says:

    Diabetes still has no permanent cure. You can only manage its symptoms and complications.’

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  • Floy Canori says:

    diabetes mellitus is quite hard on the patient and anyone suffering from it..

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